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Motion Detection Method Resistant to Severe Illumination Changes

  • Date: 06/4/17
  • Student: Sahar Yousefi
  • Team: Sahar Yousefi, M.T. Manzuri Shalmani, Jeremy Lin
  • Info:

Information

In this page you can find the experimental results of the proposed method (3D-DWT_MD) on some video sequences for different datasets contain:

CD.net 2014
Dyntex
UCSD pedestrian dataset

The Frames contain binary results of the proposed approach which demonstrate motion vs zero-motion. The avi-files contain the video results which demonstrate the performance of the proposed method compared with the different methods contain SuBSENSE[1], AAPSA[2], IUTIS_1[3], and CP3_online[4] for CDNet dataset.

Also, a quantitative comparison between SuBSENSE[1], AAPSA[2], IUTIS_1[3], and CP3_online[4], C-EFIC [5], GMM|Zivkovic [6], CwisarDH [7], SOBS_CF [8], AMBER [9] and 3D-DWT_MD for different video sequences of CDNet dataset is illustrated in this page.

Qualitative results

busyBoulvard

CDNet-busyBoulvard

[avi | Frames]

streetLight

CDNet-streetLight

[avi | Frames]

highway

CDNet-Highway

[avi | Frames]

park

CDNet-park

[avi | Frames]

57db110

Dyntex Dataset-57db110

[avi | Frames]

64cad10

Dyntex Dataset-64cad10

[avi | Frames]

64bac10

Dyntex Dataset-64bac10

[avi | Frames]

vidd1_33_017

UCSD-PED-vidd1_33_017.y

[avi | Frames]

vidf1_33_017

UCSD-PED-vidf1_33_017.y

[avi | Frames]

streetCornerAtNight

CDNet-streetCornerAtNight

[avi | Frames]

winterStreet

CDNet-winterStreet

[avi | Frames]

sofa

CDNet-sofa

[avi | Frames]

winterDriveway

CDNet-winterDriveway

[avi | Frames]

56ub110

Dyntex Dataset-56ub110

[avi | Frames]

649hb10

Dyntex Dataset-649hb10

[avi | Frames]

64ca510

Dyntex Dataset-64ca510

[avi | Frames]

64ca510

Dyntex Dataset-6482420

[avi | Frames]

vidf1_33_000

UCSD-PED-vidf1_33_000.y

[avi | Frames]

Quantitative results

Overall

Method Average Re Average Sp Average FPR Average FNR Average PWC Average F-measure Average Precision
3D-DWT_MD 0.8201 0.9392 0.0608 0.1791 4.1140 0.7884 0.7783

Intermittent Object Motion

Video TP FP FN TN Re Sp FPR FNR PWC Precision F_measure
parking 130929 921 83368 2699363 0.6110 0.9997 3.4108e-04 0.3890 2.8920 0.9930 0.7565
winterDriveway 565020 1589790 1218040 90074949 0.8226 0.9827 0.0173 0.1774 1.8534 0.2622 0.3977
streetLight 692910 294153 20899 13522980 0.9707 0.9787 0.0213 0.0293 2.1681 0.7020 0.8148
abandonedBox 626782 951410 91626 13900415 0.8725 0.9359 0.0641 0.1275 6.6989 0.3972 0.5458
tramstop 2991781 2043441 195844 2827984 0.9386 0.5805 0.4195 0.0614 27.7860 0.5942 0.7277
sofa 4297751 556378 3111485 161251964 0.5801 0.9966 0.0034 0.4199 2.1675 0.8854 0.7009

Thermal

Video TP FP FN TN Re Sp FPR FNR PWC Precision F_measure
park 609650 240928 36542 34323157 0.9435 0.9930 0.0070 0.0565 0.7880 0.7167 0.8146
lakeSide 4896070 321795 4379859 406533771 0.5278 0.9992 7.9093e-04 0.4722 1.1298 0.9383 0.6756
corridor 10293379 3388084 2137903 356507816 0.8280 0.9906 0.0094 0.1720 1.4842 0.7524 0.7884
diningRoom 16820287 1732816 1844883 206250578 0.9012 0.9917 0.0083 0.0988 1.5785 0.9066 0.9039
library 60730727 4346177 5088784 251276092 0.9227 0.9830 0.0170 0.0773 2.9352 0.9332 0.9279

Night Videos

Video TP FP FN TN Re Sp FPR FNR PWC Precision F_measure
bridgeEntry 1572231 230679 174584 80672206 0.9000 0.9971 0.0028 0.0999 0.4903 0.8721 0.8858
fluidHighway 3454974 471569 523421 220932641 0.8684 0.9979 0.0021 0.1316 0.4415 0.8799 0.8741
streetCornerAtNight 3679371 679716 256412 626813464 0.9349 0.9989 0.0011 0.0651 0.1483 0.8441 0.8871
busyBoulvard 3269248 262562 1461611 61010541 0.6910 0.9957 0.0043 0.3090 2.6122 0.9257 0.7913
tramStation 5049312 1258821 1266322 176811287 0.7995 0.9929 0.0071 0.2005 1.3695 0.8004 0.8000
winterStreet 8413188 944860 2905786 122731583 0.7433 0.9924 0.0076 0.2567 2.8524 0.8990 0.8138

Baseline

Video TP FP FN TN Re Sp FPR FNR PWC Precision F_measure
highway 5107681 640142 445153 85919482 0.9198 0.9926 0.0074 0.0802 1.1782 0.8886 0.9040

Comparison with literature review

CP3-Online [4]

Video TP FP FN TN RE SP FPR FNR PWC Precision Fmeasure
highway 4340769 757373 1117220 85897096 0.7953 0.9913 0.0087 0.2047 2.0351 0.8514 0.8224
parking 128866 37408 96525 2651782 0.5717 0.9861 0.0139 0.4283 4.5953 0.7750 0.6580
winterDriveway 341197 551765 350173 91108464 0.4935 0.9940 0.0060 0.5065 0.9766 0.3821 0.4307
abandonedBox 669847 834884 78957 13986545 0.8946 0.9437 0.0563 0.1054 5.8692 0.4452 0.5945
streetLight 680228 309358 24717 13516639 0.9649 0.9776 0.0224 0.0351 2.2991 0.6874 0.8029
tramstop 1373936 4279131 72275 2333708 0.9500 0.3529 0.6471 0.0500 53.9940 0.2430 0.3871
sofa 6063595 1105642 1325085 160723256 0.8207 0.9932 0.0068 0.1793 1.4365 0.8458 0.8330
park 560092 337909 155045 34157231 0.7832 0.9902 0.0098 0.2168 1.4000 0.6237 0.6944
lakeSide 5489593 3356564 2483488 404801850 0.6885 0.9918 0.0082 0.3115 1.4034 0.6206 0.6528
corridor 10256929 3533884 2083228 356453141 0.8312 0.9902 0.0098 0.1688 1.5086 0.7438 0.7850
diningRoom 16591965 1504494 2872332 205679773 0.8524 0.9927 0.0073 0.1476 1.9311 0.9169 0.8835
library 59443635 4694640 2517630 254785875 0.9594 0.9819 0.0181 0.0406 2.2437 0.9268 0.9428
bridgeEntry 1259720 10080000 390226 70919755 0.7635 0.8756 0.1244 0.2365 12.6682 0.1111 0.1940
busyBoulvard 1363150 1668227 4225541 58747044 0.2439 0.9724 0.0276 0.7561 8.9294 0.4497 0.3163
fluidHighway 2325874 13108550 1612648 208335533 0.5905 0.9408 0.0592 0.4095 6.5316 0.1507 0.2401
streetCornerAtNight 2492529 4476894 1438198 623021342 0.6341 0.9929 0.0071 0.3659 0.9368 0.3576 0.4573
tramStation 5192372 2051802 1063956 176077612 0.8299 0.9885 0.0115 0.1701 1.6898 0.7168 0.7692
winterStreet 6234320 17753544 3064993 107942560 0.6704 0.8588 0.1412 0.3296 15.4217 0.2599 0.3746
Average 0.7410 0.9341 0.0659 0.2590 6.9928 0.5615 0.6021

IUTIS-3 [3]

Video TP FP FN TN RE SP FPR FNR PWC Precision Fmeasure
highway 5308598 374910 149391 86279559 0.9726 0.9957 0.0043 0.0274 0.5692 0.9340 0.9529
parking 111317 20614 114074 2668576 0.4939 0.9923 0.0077 0.5061 4.6212 0.8438 0.6231
winterDriveway 513906 1274678 177464 90385551 0.7433 0.9861 0.0139 0.2567 1.5724 0.2873 0.4144
abandonedBox 537404 85474 211400 14735955 0.7177 0.9942 0.0058 0.2823 1.9067 0.8628 0.7836
tramstop 641370 8545 804841 6604294 0.4435 0.9987 0.0013 0.5565 10.0928 0.9869 0.6120
streetLight 675149 4513 29796 13821484 0.9577 0.9997 0.0003 0.0423 0.2361 0.9934 0.9752
sofa 6179245 582850 1209435 161246048 0.8363 0.9964 0.0036 0.1637 1.0592 0.9138 0.8733
park 485140 117749 229997 34377391 0.6784 0.9966 0.0034 0.3216 0.9876 0.8047 0.7362
lakeSide 3628467 361642 4344614 407796772 0.4551 0.9991 0.0009 0.5449 1.1310 0.9094 0.6066
corridor 11694937 1918621 645220 358068404 0.9477 0.9947 0.0053 0.0523 0.6886 0.8591 0.9012
diningRoom 17273848 1095082 2190449 206089185 0.8875 0.9947 0.0053 0.1125 1.4496 0.9404 0.9132
library 58712844 3242270 3248421 256238245 0.9476 0.9875 0.0125 0.0524 2.0192 0.9477 0.9476
bridgeEntry 781456 1136876 868490 79862879 0.4736 0.9860 0.0140 0.5264 2.4263 0.4074 0.4380
busyBoulvard 1032644 388073 4556047 60027198 0.1848 0.9936 0.0064 0.8152 7.4906 0.7268 0.2946
fluidHighway 2280279 5859388 1658243 215584695 0.5790 0.9735 0.0265 0.4210 3.3355 0.2801 0.3776
streetCornerAtNight 2832649 4135504 1098078 623362732 0.7206 0.9934 0.0066 0.2794 0.8288 0.4065 0.5198
tramStation 4746096 1760845 1510232 176368569 0.7586 0.9901 0.0099 0.2414 1.7740 0.7294 0.7437
winterStreet 6340635 5675452 2958678 120020652 0.6818 0.9548 0.0452 0.3182 6.3959 0.5277 0.5949
Average 0.6933 0.9904 0.0096 0.3067 2.6992 0.7423 0.6838

SuBSENSE [1]

Video TP FP FN TN RE SP FPR FNR PWC Precision Fmeasure
highway 5197678 360455 260311 86294014 0.9523 0.9958 0.0042 0.0477 0.6739 0.9351 0.9436
parking 64475 666 160916 2688524 0.2861 0.9998 0.0002 0.7139 5.5439 0.9898 0.4438
winterDriveway 504713 1592412 186657 90067817 0.7300 0.9826 0.0174 0.2700 1.9264 0.2407 0.3620
tramstop 603423 123068 842788 6489771 0.4172 0.9814 0.0186 0.5828 11.9847 0.8306 0.5555
abandonedBox 684102 177755 64702 14643674 0.9136 0.9880 0.0120 0.0864 1.5572 0.7938 0.8495
streetLight 689388 731 15557 13825266 0.9779 0.9999 0.0001 0.0221 0.1121 0.9989 0.9883
sofa 4595821 397065 2792859 161431833 0.6220 0.9975 0.0025 0.3780 1.8851 0.9205 0.7424
park 595843 185772 119294 34309368 0.8332 0.9946 0.0054 0.1668 0.8664 0.7623 0.7962
lakeSide 4573781 1017137 3399300 407141277 0.5737 0.9975 0.0025 0.4263 1.0613 0.8181 0.6744
corridor 11772816 2735658 567341 357251367 0.9540 0.9924 0.0076 0.0460 0.8871 0.8114 0.8770
diningRoom 18043505 3461383 1420792 203722884 0.9270 0.9833 0.0167 0.0730 2.1541 0.8390 0.8808
library 49116762 3528995 12844503 255951520 0.7927 0.9864 0.0136 0.2073 5.0938 0.9330 0.8571
bridgeEntry 1089875 3255096 560071 77744659 0.6606 0.9598 0.0402 0.3394 4.6161 0.2508 0.3636
busyBoulvard 2380727 723294 3207964 59691977 0.4260 0.9880 0.0120 0.5740 5.9561 0.7670 0.5478
fluidHighway 2464349 6151095 1474173 215292988 0.6257 0.9722 0.0278 0.3743 3.3833 0.2860 0.3926
streetCornerAtNight 2806143 1440327 1124584 626057909 0.7139 0.9977 0.0023 0.2861 0.4062 0.6608 0.6863
tramStation 5347154 1828157 909174 176301257 0.8547 0.9897 0.0103 0.1453 1.4846 0.7452 0.7962
winterStreet 6149327 6008584 3149986 119687520 0.6613 0.9522 0.0478 0.3387 6.7844 0.5058 0.5732
Average 0.7179 0.9866 0.0134 0.2821 3.1320 0.7272 0.6850

AAPSA [2]

Video TP FP FN TN RE SP FPR FNR PWC Precision Fmeasure
highway 4687335 363939 770654 86290530 0.8588 0.9958 0.0042 0.1412 1.2317 0.9280 0.8920
abandonedBox 100432 44929 648372 14776500 0.1341 0.9970 0.0030 0.8659 4.4527 0.6909 0.2246
parking 102878 92514 122513 2596676 0.4564 0.9656 0.0344 0.5436 7.3776 0.5265 0.4890
winterDriveway 427394 2301123 263976 89359106 0.6182 0.9749 0.0251 0.3818 2.7775 0.1566 0.2499
tramstop 446763 11695 999448 6601144 0.3089 0.9982 0.0018 0.6911 12.5467 0.9745 0.4691
streetLight 626490 523 78455 13825474 0.8887 1.0000 0.0000 0.1113 0.5435 0.9992 0.9407
sofa 3996891 276014 3391789 161552884 0.5409 0.9983 0.0017 0.4591 2.1675 0.9354 0.6855
park 265785 19059 449352 34476081 0.3717 0.9994 0.0006 0.6283 1.3303 0.9331 0.5316
lakeSide 2112707 901920 5860374 407256494 0.2650 0.9978 0.0022 0.7350 1.6250 0.7008 0.3846
corridor 10126870 791591 2213287 359195434 0.8206 0.9978 0.0022 0.1794 0.8071 0.9275 0.8708
diningRoom 13844391 2192842 5619906 204991425 0.7113 0.9894 0.0106 0.2887 3.4471 0.8633 0.7799
library 57294043 1595361 4667222 257885154 0.9247 0.9939 0.0061 0.0753 1.9483 0.9729 0.9482
bridgeEntry 612445 466076 1037501 80533679 0.3712 0.9942 0.0058 0.6288 1.8192 0.5679 0.4489
busyBoulvard 1027738 488533 4560953 59926738 0.1839 0.9919 0.0081 0.8161 7.6503 0.6778 0.2893
fluidHighway 1144121 5129616 2794401 216314467 0.2905 0.9768 0.0232 0.7095 3.5158 0.1824 0.2241
streetCornerAtNight 1984203 2622764 1946524 624875472 0.5048 0.9958 0.0042 0.4952 0.7236 0.4307 0.4648
winterStreet 3318262 3073535 5981051 122622569 0.3568 0.9755 0.0245 0.6432 6.7073 0.5191 0.4229
tramStation 3988926 2096244 2267402 176033170 0.6376 0.9882 0.0118 0.3624 2.3666 0.6555 0.6464
Average 0.5136 0.9906 0.0094 0.4864 3.5021 0.7023 0.5535

C-EFIC [5]

Video TP FP FN TN RE SP FPR FNR PWC Precision Fmeasure
highway 5113397 376632 344592 86277837 0.9369 0.9957 0.0043 0.0631 0.7830 0.9314 0.9341
parking 157487 191420 67904 2497770 0.6987 0.9288 0.0712 0.3013 8.8975 0.4514 0.5485
winterDriveway 554793 6466345 136577 85193884 0.8025 0.9295 0.0705 0.1975 7.1498 0.0790 0.1439
abandonedBox 633698 318742 115106 14502687 0.8463 0.9785 0.0215 0.1537 2.7864 0.6653 0.7450
streetLight 673026 2363 31919 13823634 0.9547 0.9998 0.0002 0.0453 0.2359 0.9965 0.9752
tramstop 1188376 2191789 257835 4421050 0.8217 0.6686 0.3314 0.1783 30.3959 0.3516 0.4925
sofa 5470248 287788 1918432 161541110 0.7404 0.9982 0.0018 0.2596 1.3038 0.9500 0.8322
park 569080 117974 146057 34377166 0.7958 0.9966 0.0034 0.2042 0.7499 0.8283 0.8117
lakeSide 4519221 1030132 3453860 407128282 0.5668 0.9975 0.0025 0.4332 1.0775 0.8144 0.6684
corridor 11663620 2755202 676537 357231823 0.9452 0.9923 0.0077 0.0548 0.9217 0.8089 0.8718
diningRoom 16176934 1170538 3287363 206013729 0.8311 0.9944 0.0056 0.1689 1.9669 0.9325 0.8789
library 57430841 2338966 4530424 257141549 0.9269 0.9910 0.0090 0.0731 2.1371 0.9609 0.9436
bridgeEntry 1291417 1032018 358529 79967737 0.7827 0.9873 0.0127 0.2173 1.6825 0.5558 0.6500
busyBoulvard 2110343 323407 3478348 60091864 0.3776 0.9946 0.0054 0.6224 5.7599 0.8671 0.5261
fluidHighway 2593431 2289223 1345091 219154860 0.6585 0.9897 0.0103 0.3415 1.6125 0.5312 0.5880
streetCornerAtNight 3043382 1553606 887345 625944630 0.7743 0.9975 0.0025 0.2257 0.3866 0.6620 0.7138
tramStation 5622758 1851868 633570 176277546 0.8987 0.9896 0.0104 0.1013 1.3480 0.7522 0.8190
winterStreet 7830593 4943907 1468720 120752197 0.8421 0.9607 0.0393 0.1579 4.7503 0.6130 0.7095
Average 0.7889 0.9661 0.0339 0.2111 4.1081 0.7084 0.7140

GMM|Zivkovic [6]

Video TP FP FN TN RE SP FPR FNR PWC Precision Fmeasure
highway 4866265 444578 591724 86209891 0.8916 0.9949 0.0051 0.1084 1.1250 0.9163 0.9038
parking 157484 55851 67907 2633339 0.6987 0.9792 0.0208 0.3013 4.2462 0.7382 0.7179
streetLight 239243 19469 465702 13806528 0.3394 0.9986 0.0014 0.6606 3.3389 0.9247 0.4965
abandonedBox 341768 208198 407036 14613231 0.4564 0.9860 0.0140 0.5436 3.9513 0.6214 0.5263
winterDriveway 469059 3029339 222311 88630890 0.6784 0.9670 0.0330 0.3216 3.5209 0.1341 0.2239
tramstop 858187 664562 588024 5948277 0.5934 0.8995 0.1005 0.4066 15.5426 0.5636 0.5781
sofa 3798497 457302 3590183 161371596 0.5141 0.9972 0.0028 0.4859 2.3919 0.8925 0.6524
park 424089 74450 291048 34420690 0.5930 0.9978 0.0022 0.4070 1.0380 0.8507 0.6989
lakeSide 2903304 244561 5069777 407913853 0.3641 0.9994 0.0006 0.6359 1.2771 0.9223 0.5221
corridor 10274351 1967101 2065806 358019924 0.8326 0.9945 0.0055 0.1674 1.0832 0.8393 0.8359
diningRoom 13513481 1125926 5950816 206058341 0.6943 0.9946 0.0054 0.3057 3.1223 0.9231 0.7925
library 17773264 3965565 44188001 255514950 0.2868 0.9847 0.0153 0.7132 14.9805 0.8176 0.4247
bridgeEntry 526443 2602290 1123503 78397465 0.3191 0.9679 0.0321 0.6809 4.5079 0.1683 0.2203
busyBoulvard 936448 360958 4652243 60054313 0.1676 0.9940 0.0060 0.8324 7.5953 0.7218 0.2720
fluidHighway 1635161 6751415 2303361 214692668 0.4152 0.9695 0.0305 0.5848 4.0175 0.1950 0.2653
streetCornerAtNight 2736427 5757583 1194300 621740653 0.6962 0.9908 0.0092 0.3038 1.1010 0.3222 0.4405
tramStation 4106681 1477216 2149647 176652198 0.6564 0.9917 0.0083 0.3436 1.9670 0.7355 0.6937
winterStreet 5798901 8848027 3500412 116848077 0.6236 0.9296 0.0704 0.3764 9.1473 0.3959 0.4843
Average 0.5456 0.9798 0.0202 0.4544 4.6641 0.6490 0.5416

CwisarDH [7]

Video TP FP FN TN RE SP FPR FNR PWC Precision Fmeasure
highway 5034937 440862 423052 86213607 0.9225 0.9949 0.0051 0.0775 0.9379 0.9195 0.9210
parking 135617 72984 89774 2616206 0.6017 0.9729 0.0271 0.3983 5.5843 0.6501 0.6250
abandonedBox 223426 60394 525378 14761035 0.2984 0.9959 0.0041 0.7016 3.7621 0.7872 0.4327
tramstop 235064 19316 1211147 6593523 0.1625 0.9971 0.0029 0.8375 15.2681 0.9241 0.2764
winterDriveway 345607 1285656 345763 90374573 0.4999 0.9860 0.0140 0.5001 1.7665 0.2119 0.2976
streetLight 660928 11288 44017 13814709 0.9376 0.9992 0.0008 0.0624 0.3806 0.9832 0.9598
sofa 6127853 726587 1260827 161102311 0.8294 0.9955 0.0045 0.1706 1.1745 0.8940 0.8605
park 458913 82150 256224 34412990 0.6417 0.9976 0.0024 0.3583 0.9610 0.8482 0.7306
lakeSide 3619822 795472 4353259 407362942 0.4540 0.9981 0.0019 0.5460 1.2373 0.8198 0.5844
corridor 10890707 2022149 1449450 357964876 0.8825 0.9944 0.0056 0.1175 0.9324 0.8434 0.8625
diningRoom 14011428 1130866 5452869 206053401 0.7199 0.9945 0.0055 0.2801 2.9048 0.9253 0.8098
library 57975893 2649693 3985372 256830822 0.9357 0.9898 0.0102 0.0643 2.0642 0.9563 0.9459
bridgeEntry 228736 347564 1421210 80652191 0.1386 0.9957 0.0043 0.8614 2.1401 0.3969 0.2055
busyBoulvard 514650 113793 5074041 60301478 0.0921 0.9981 0.0019 0.9079 7.8599 0.8189 0.1656
fluidHighway 2105500 6256285 1833022 215187798 0.5346 0.9717 0.0283 0.4654 3.5891 0.2518 0.3423
streetCornerAtNight 2710340 5121914 1220387 622376322 0.6895 0.9918 0.0082 0.3105 1.0044 0.3460 0.4608
tramStation 2759438 1241936 3496890 176887478 0.4411 0.9930 0.0070 0.5589 2.5701 0.6896 0.5380
winterStreet 5114136 4924769 4185177 120771335 0.5499 0.9608 0.0392 0.4501 6.7483 0.5094 0.5289
Average 0.5740 0.9904 0.0096 0.4260 3.3825 0.7098 0.5860

SOBS_CF [8]

Video TP FP FN TN RE SP FPR FNR PWC Precision Fmeasure
highway 5211577 366450 246412 86288019 0.9549 0.9958 0.0042 0.0451 0.6653 0.9343 0.9445
parking 103839 151464 121552 2537726 0.4607 0.9437 0.0563 0.5393 9.3672 0.4067 0.4320
winterDriveway 460373 6430453 230997 85229776 0.6659 0.9298 0.0702 0.3341 7.2131 0.0668 0.1214
streetLight 676873 393 28072 13825604 0.9602 1.0000 0.0000 0.0398 0.1959 0.9994 0.9794
abandonedBox 717857 1079042 30947 13742387 0.9587 0.9272 0.0728 0.0413 7.1289 0.3995 0.5640
tramstop 1407337 1107404 38874 5505435 0.9731 0.8325 0.1675 0.0269 14.2235 0.5596 0.7106
sofa 4180368 757680 3208312 161071218 0.5658 0.9953 0.0047 0.4342 2.3437 0.8466 0.6783
park 313592 14766 401545 34480374 0.4385 0.9996 0.0004 0.5615 1.1824 0.9550 0.6010
lakeSide 2011166 1021288 5961915 407137126 0.2522 0.9975 0.0025 0.7478 1.6781 0.6632 0.3655
corridor 10208331 1010504 2131826 358976521 0.8272 0.9972 0.0028 0.1728 0.8440 0.9099 0.8666
diningRoom 14186790 2341132 5277507 204843135 0.7289 0.9887 0.0113 0.2711 3.3614 0.8584 0.7883
library 57417058 1707061 4544207 257773454 0.9267 0.9934 0.0066 0.0733 1.9448 0.9711 0.9484
bridgeEntry 1102683 9345152 547263 71654603 0.6683 0.8846 0.1154 0.3317 11.9691 0.1055 0.1823
fluidHighway 2300621 3493184 1630106 624005052 0.5853 0.9944 0.0056 0.4147 0.8114 0.3971 0.4732
streetCornerAtNight 2373059 700167 3215632 59715104 0.4246 0.9884 0.0116 0.5754 5.9327 0.7722 0.5479
busyBoulvard 3078105 16472500 860417 204971583 0.7815 0.9256 0.0744 0.2185 7.6904 0.1574 0.2621
tramStation 5186870 3102652 1069458 175026762 0.8291 0.9826 0.0174 0.1709 2.2627 0.6257 0.7132
winterStreet 7400540 12300431 1898773 113395673 0.7958 0.9021 0.0979 0.2042 10.5183 0.3756 0.5104
Average 0.7110 0.9599 0.0401 0.2890 4.9629 0.6113 0.5938

AMBER [9]

Video TP FP FN TN RE SP FPR FNR PWC Precision Fmeasure
highway 5217371 364925 240618 86289544 0.9559 0.9958 0.0042 0.0441 0.6574 0.9346 0.9452
parking 147373 42635 78018 2646555 0.6539 0.9841 0.0159 0.3461 4.1396 0.7756 0.7095
winterDriveway 509471 1514394 181899 90145835 0.7369 0.9835 0.0165 0.2631 1.8368 0.2517 0.3753
streetLight 689404 12488 15541 13813509 0.9780 0.9991 0.0009 0.0220 0.1929 0.9822 0.9801
abandonedBox 738030 218135 10774 14603294 0.9856 0.9853 0.0147 0.0144 1.4702 0.7719 0.8657
tramstop 1136823 198123 309388 6414716 0.7861 0.9700 0.0300 0.2139 6.2974 0.8516 0.8175
sofa 3174489 411791 4214191 161417107 0.4296 0.9975 0.0025 0.5704 2.7337 0.8852 0.5785
park 399065 48319 316072 34446821 0.5580 0.9986 0.0014 0.4420 1.0349 0.8920 0.6866
lakeSide 2573085 1309925 5399996 406848489 0.3227 0.9968 0.0032 0.6773 1.6125 0.6627 0.4341
corridor 11171881 1347155 1168276 358639870 0.9053 0.9963 0.0037 0.0947 0.6756 0.8924 0.8988
diningRoom 15896482 2926361 3567815 204257906 0.8167 0.9859 0.0141 0.1833 2.8653 0.8445 0.8304
library 57782782 2068938 4178483 257411577 0.9326 0.9920 0.0080 0.0674 1.9436 0.9654 0.9487
bridgeEntry 1301971 532051 4286720 59883220 0.2330 0.9912 0.0088 0.7670 7.3007 0.7099 0.3508
streetCornerAtNight 1313301 11580413 336645 69419342 0.7960 0.8570 0.1430 0.2040 14.4188 0.1019 0.1806
busyBoulvard 1894856 13868743 2043666 207575340 0.4811 0.9374 0.0626 0.5189 7.0602 0.1202 0.1924
fluidHighway 2523106 3697609 1407621 623800627 0.6419 0.9941 0.0059 0.3581 0.8085 0.4056 0.4971
tramStation 3990151 1903495 2266177 176225919 0.6378 0.9893 0.0107 0.3622 2.2614 0.6770 0.6568
winterStreet 6923312 18116269 2376001 107579835 0.7445 0.8559 0.1441 0.2555 15.1800 0.2765 0.4032
Average 0.6997 0.9728 0.0272 0.3003 4.0272 0.6667 0.6306

3D-DWT_MD

Video TP FP FN TN RE SP FPR FNR PWC Precision Fmeasure
highway 5107681 640142 445153 85919482 0.9198 0.9926 0.0074 0.0802 1.1782 0.8886 0.9040
parking 130929 921 83368 2699363 0.6110 0.9997 0.0003 0.3890 2.8920 0.9930 0.7565
winterDriveway 565020 1589790 121840 90074949 0.8226 0.9827 0.0173 0.1774 1.8534 0.2622 0.3977
streetLight 692910 294153 20899 13522980 0.9707 0.9787 0.0213 0.0293 2.1681 0.7020 0.8148
abandonedBox 626782 951410 91626 13900415 0.8725 0.9359 0.0641 0.1275 6.6989 0.3972 0.5458
tramstop 2991781 2043441 195844 195844 0.9386 0.0875 0.9125 0.0614 41.2626 0.5942 0.7277
sofa 4297751 556378 3111485 161251964 0.5801 0.9966 0.0034 0.4199 2.1675 0.8854 0.7009
park 609650 240928 36542 34323157 0.9435 0.9930 0.0070 0.0565 0.7880 0.7167 0.8146
lakeSide 4896070 321795 4379859 406533771 0.5278 0.9992 0.0008 0.4722 1.1298 0.9383 0.6756
corridor 10293379 3388084 2137903 356507816 0.8280 0.9906 0.0094 0.1720 1.4842 0.7524 0.7884
diningRoom 16820287 1732816 1844883 206250578 0.9012 0.9917 0.0083 0.0988 1.5785 0.9066 0.9039
library 60730727 4346177 5088784 251276092 0.9227 0.9830 0.0170 0.0773 2.9352 0.9332 0.9279
bridgeEntry 1572231 230679 174584 80672207 0.9001 0.9971 0.0029 0.0999 0.4903 0.8721 0.8858
fluidHighway 3454974 471569 523421 220932641 0.8684 0.9979 0.0021 0.1316 0.4415 0.8799 0.8741
streetCornerAtNight 3679371 679716 256412 626813464 0.9349 0.9989 0.0011 0.0651 0.1483 0.8441 0.8871
busyBoulvard 3269248 262562 1461611 61010541 0.6910 0.9957 0.0043 0.3090 2.6122 0.9257 0.7913
tramStation 5049312 1258821 1266322 176811287 0.7995 0.9929 0.0071 0.2005 1.3695 0.8004 0.8000
winterStreet 8413188 944860 2905786 122731583 0.7433 0.9924 0.0076 0.2567 2.8524 0.8990 0.8138
Average 0.8209 0.9392 0.0608 0.1791 4.1139 0.7884 0.7783